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Women Breast Cancer And Issues for their health


women breast cancer issues

Healthy breast comes in a variety of shapes, sizes and textures including lumpy. It’s important to know what’s normal for your breast so that you can quickly notice any changes. By understanding the structure of your breast you’ll be better prepared to discuss any changes with your health care professional.

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Causes of death among women: Breast cancer is the cause of death of 2% of women. Source: WHO (2004)   Deaths from breast cancer (2%)   Deaths from heart


Your breast may through a variety of healthy changes throughout your life.


Several months before the onset of menstruation, female hormones signal the body to begin developing; Breasts may feel tender or even hurt a little at this time. One breast may develop more quickly than the other so they may be a slight difference in size.

women breast cancer


Many women breasts feel tender around the time of their period. This is because female hormones, primarily estrogen, cause the mammary glands to swell. The swelling and tenderness usually lessens or disappears after your period.


Like other parts of your body that contain fatty tissue, your breasts may change in size or shape if you lose or gain weight.


Breast usually enlarges during pregnancy as mammary glands prepare for milk production. Breasts remain large until breast feeding stops. Breasts may become tender early in pregnancy and remain sensitive until child birth. Leakage of clear or whitish fluid is also a normal breast during pregnancy.


Mammary glands and ducts begin decreasing at menopause. This is also a time when fibrous tissue thins and is replaced by softer fatty tissue.



The use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy result in breasts feeling tender and swelling slightly



It is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers in women. Early detection of breast can save live s, as there will be increase of treatment options. The American Cancer Society (ACS) recommends the following schedule for women at average risk.

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Mammogram and Clinical Breast Exam (CBE) should be done yearly Age twenties and thirties should do CBE about every 3 years. Starting in twenties choose how often you need to do breast self exam (BSE) please note that many experts recommend doing a monthly BSE starting at age 20. Consult your health care professional at the time of your CBE.



Some women with one or more risk factors never get it. there is no apparent risk factors. However, the genetic and life style risk factors below can increase a person’s chances of having the disease.

Please check the following statements that apply to you.

  • I am a woman
  • I am over 50 years 0ld
  • I am Caucasian
  • I have had a previous breast cancer or precancerous condition
  • I have a close blood relative with breast and/or ovarian cancer.
  • I had chest area radiation between age of 10 and 30
  • I started my menstrual periods before age 12 or reached menopause after age 50
  • I never had children or had my first child after age 30
  • I am over weight
  • I have used hormone replacement therapy for 5 years or more
  • I have one or more drinks of alcohol a day.

The more boxes you have checked, the greater you risk of developing it.

Discuss these and other risk factor with your health care professional.



For most women, Mammography provides the breast way to find cancer at an early stage, when treatment is usually the most highly successful. A mammogram is a low dose X- ray of your breast that can detect many changes that are too small or too deep to feel.

Mammograms are considered safe, quick, and relatives painless. They are available through a doctor’s order or, some cases, a self-referral.

Annual mammograms are recommended for all women Aged 40 and over.


  • On the day of your Mammogram, do not used any deodorant, lotion, cream of powder on your underarms or breasts these could interfere with a clear mammogram.
  • If your breast gets tender around the time of your periods, schedule your mammogram for one week after your period ends.
  • If you have had mammograms at another facility, have previous mammograms available to the radiologist at your current exam. Also bring a list of place and dates of earlier mammograms, as well as biopsies and another breast treatment you received.
  • Before the exam, describe any breast symptom or problem you are having.
  • If you do not hear from health care professional within 10 day, consult him or her.

Clinical Breast Exam(CBE) your CBE is a physical examination of your breast by healthcare professional During this exam, the healthcare professional will check your breast, if you are 40 or over, it is preferable to schedule your Annual CBE shortly before your Annual mammogram so that any suspicious areas  found during your CBE can be reviewed the mammogram.

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Breast self- exam (BSE) can you to become familiar with how your breast normally look to feel. This knowledge may help you identify any breast changes that should be promptly reported to healthcare professional .The Amer5ican cancer society considers BSE an option for women starting in their 205. Many experts recommend that women do a monthly BSE. The following step will help you do BSE correctly.




  1. To examine your breast, place a pillow under your right arm behind your head.
  2. Use the finger pads (not the finger lips) of three middle fingers of your left hand to examine your right Breast.
  3. Choose the pattern and the technique your healthcare professional recommends at the time of your clinical breast exam. Apply three levels of pressure in sequence (light, then medium, then firm) to feel all your breast tissue. Check for lumps or thickenings.
  4. After examining your entire breast, lower your right arm slightly and use your left hand to check your right underarm.
  5. Switch the pillow to the left shoulder, put your left arm behind your head, and repeat steps with your right hand on your left breast and underarm.



  1. Stand with arms firmly pressing down on your hips and look for change in the shape, size or skin texture of your breasts
  2. Raise your hand above your head and repeat the exam above, again looking for any changes.
  3. Check your nipples for any unusual discharge.



  1. While talking a shower, examine your by using the same pattern and technique as in the lying down exam.
  2. Use your right hand for your left breast Report any changes or irregularities to your healthcare professional at once.


Breast changes the need attention consult your healthcare professional if you find any of the following during breast self-exam or at any other time.

  • Distinct single lumps that are either hard or soft
  • Change in breast shape such as dimpling (depression), bugles, or flattening
  • Change in skin texture or color, including redness, Orange peel (pebbly) skin, thickening, roughness, or puckering.
  • Blood or cloudy nipple discharge
  • Change in nipple location or shape
  • Breast stores that don’t heal.

Not All breast lumps Are Cancerous Most breast are benign or harmless. However all should be checked. Here are some of the more common breast conditions that may cause lumps.



The most common cause of breast lumps in women under age 50. The condition is not fully understood, but it is thought to be a reaction to overactive hormone. This causes the breast fibrous tissue to increase, and several cysts and/ or clumps of fibrous tissue to form within the breast.

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Single or multiple fluid filled sacs that are not accompanied by an increase in fibrous tissue. This type of fibrocystic tissue.



Single, solid tumors made of fibrous and glandular tissue. They usually move when felt. They are found most often in women between the ages of 18 and 35



Small, wart- like lumps in the mammary ducts near the nipple. They can cause the nipple to discharge a clear or bloody fluid.



Cancer is general term for more 100 diseases in which abnormal cells multiply uncontrollably, the name in particular is a term for several cancers that begin in the breast. The most common form it is called ductile carcinoma and begins in the lining of the duct. this is the most common form of cancer in women. The good news is that with early detection and treatment, the majority of women diagnosed with it will be alive and well more than five years after their diagnosis.

Some of the methods currently used to treat breast cancer include;

  • Several types of surgery ranging from a lumpectomy, which removes only the tumor to a radical mastectomy which removes the breast, lymph nodes and chest muscles
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy

The treatment or combination of treatments recommended depends on five factors:

The size of the tumor, how much the cancer has spread, lab test results , the woman’s age and medical history and what she and her doctor decide are the best treatment option for her.

Your best defense in the fight against breast cancer is following a healthy life style and the early detection screening guidelines.



Some risk factors are at present uncontrollable. This includes certain gene that place 5 to 10 percent of women at extreme risk. Life style risks are not totally understood nor are studies conclusive. However, by adopting the following 10 healthy life style habits, you will be doing the best you can to prevent breast cancer  as well as to lower your risk  of other  cancers, heart disease  and a wide range of other serious conditions.

  1. Maintain a healthy weight
  2. Eat five or more servings of fruits and vegetables daily, cut down on red meat. Consider reducing fat in your diet as well especially saturated fat.
  3. Get plenty of exercise. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise days a week. Walking is a great all round activity
  4. Limit your drinking to occasional or no alcohol. Drinking increases the risk for several types of cancers, including breast cancer.
  5. Decide carefully before starting or continuing hormone replacement therapy. Long term use of HRT after menopause may increase it risk.
  6. Learn about medical conditions that you may have or be at risk for developing. Control chronic health conditions
  7. Schedule your health checkups on time.
  8. Avoid tobacco products and second hand smoke. If you smoke, quit today
  9. Practice stress management, your emotions can affect your physical health.
  10. Get enough sleep each night. Sleep helps to change your immune system as well as give you the energy you can need each day.

Make breast health an important part of your life. Women Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women. A woman’s chance of surviving breast cancer is greatly improved with early detection and treatment. You owe it to your family, your friends and to yourself to do all you can to stay informed and have screening on time.




Onyedika Boniface

Born in family of life. Love seeing everybody in a peaceful and happy relationship and marriage. Address: no 23 Ase-Eme village, pH. Road, Ohabiam,Aba South, Abia State, Nigeria. Phone number: +2347062470552 Email: [email protected]

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