If you generally ask people which the stronger sex is, most people would rate men as stronger. The reasons are obvious; men are usually bigger and more muscular than women, so they can run faster, lift heavy objects, and throw things farther away. Despite these facts, the average life expectancy of a woman is longer than a man.
However, women are generally more prone to chronic diseases and disabilities. Because of these factors, their quality of life is poor. A woman has several responsibilities to cater to; they play the role of a daughter, a wife, and a mother. Hence, they have a busy schedule and tend to neglect their health.
Now that we have established that women are more at risk of chronic diseases than men. However, there is one more thing to consider: these chronic diseases affect women differently. Compared to men, women acquire chronic diseases at a younger age. In addition to that, they present with different signs and symptoms.
Hence the treatment approach also varies. So the first step towards a healthy life is knowing what you are fighting against. This way, you can take the necessary precautions and reduce the risk. However, the good news is that most of these diseases are preventable. So here are some common health issues amongst women and how you can manage them:
- Heart diseases:
To your surprise, breast cancer is not the #1 health risk women face. The #1 cause of death amongst women is heart disease. According to research, nurses are immensely prone to cardiovascular diseases because of the nature of their job, and as we already know, nursing is a female-dominated field. However, while we are on the subject of nursing, we must concede that although it is a high-stress job, it does have its perks. Nurses are in high demand, and if you are yourself a nurse or know someone in that profession, you probably are aware that a Bachelor’s degree in nursing is enough of a qualification to get a good-paying position.
Now, coming back to the topic at hand, the common symptoms of heart disease are shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, or vomiting. Most women usually ignore these symptoms and take them as general fatigue. Hence, this negligence results in chronic heart conditions. Therefore it is advisable not to ignore such signs and follow regular checkups with your doctors.
Stroke is a common condition, and it can affect anybody at any age. Yet, stroke is more prevalent amongst women, and stroke’s death rate is high. Similarly, the outcome of stroke in women is worse. Thus, they have to face some intense challenges to cope with their condition. So a woman’s body is significantly different from men’s. Hence, having a stroke affects them differently and at different stages of their lives. The risk is highest during pregnancy. Similarly, when menopause begins, estrogen levels decline. Hence, when the estrogen level drops, the body becomes susceptible to stroke again. So the best way to prevent this is to modify your lifestyle. Quit smoking, exercise regularly and maintain a healthy diet. In addition to that, screening for high blood pressure should be followed strictly, as it is the most common risk associated.
- Gynecological health issues:
Excessive bleeding and discharge are a regular part of the menstrual cycle. However, if a woman faces some added symptoms during the periodic cycles, It may indicate some health issues. These symptoms may be painful bleeding, frequent urination, etc. Similarly, urinary tract infections are prevalent amongst women. The reason is, women have a short urethra compared to men. Thus, the bacteria can multiply quickly. The common signs are painful micturition and cloudy urine. So if you have experienced any such symptom, consult a nephrologist. They may prescribe you antibiotics. In addition to that, if you contract urinary tract infections frequently, it is advisable to get other medical tests done, such as ultrasounds or blood tests. These tests can reveal the cause behind frequent UTIs.
- Maternal health issues:
From iron deficiency to high blood pressure, a woman goes through significant changes during pregnancy. However, most women ignore the importance of preconception care. If you have any pre-existing condition, it has a greater chance of worsening during pregnancy. And when the condition worsens, the risk to the mother and child’s health also increases. For example, if you are suffering from high blood pressure or you are pre-diabetic. In such a case, if you are planning to conceive, your blood pressure and blood sugar level should be within the normal range or under control. Similarly, suppose you have a severe condition such as any cardiac or neurological disorder. In that case, it is advisable to consult your physician. They will help you by advising a health care plan that can make it easy for you.
When you hear the term ‘osteoporosis,’ you may imagine an old caucasian lady with a hunch strolling. However, it is a total misconception; osteoporosis can happen to any woman at any age. However, when a woman reaches the stage of menopause, estrogen levels drop significantly. This low level of estrogen can affect the porosity of the bones. Such women become more prone to fractures. Osteoporosis is a silent disease. Mostly it remains undiagnosed until one day they break a bone. So if you have a history of early menopause or osteoporosis in the family, it is advisable to check your blood calcium and vitamin D levels regularly. In addition to that, increase your calcium and vitamin D intake.
- Breast and cervical cancer:
The two most common cancers affecting women are breast cancer and cervical cancer. According to the latest stats, nearly half of a million women around the globe die due to breast or cervical cancer. Hence, early screening is strictly advised. So you can start with a monthly self-examination. It helps you detect any changes or lump development in your breast. In addition to that, women who have reached 40 years may schedule yearly mammograms. Individuals that are carriers of BRCA1 and BRCA 2 genes are at the highest risk. Hence, they should follow the screening tests and modify their lifestyle.
A take-home message:
There are many stereotypes surrounding women, some true and some false. However, no one can deny that women are generally prone to overthinking and worrying, both of which can take a toll on their health.
Thus, the information we have provided above should not come as a big shock. Yes, women are prone to some health issues more than men. However, with a few healthy habits and regular checkups with physicians, you can lower the risk of many chronic and deadly conditions.Please Follow Us On Social Media Please Follow Us On Social Media