The second trimester is the period between weeks 13-16 and begins at the time you’re 4 months pregnant. At this point, you’ll experience several physical and emotional modifications. You may also be more active, and your chance of miscarriage is likely to diminish by the end of this time.
This article explains the signs that you might experience during this month, the size your belly can grow the development of your baby and your diet and what to expect when visiting your doctor, as well as steps to ensure your health. It also covers some frequent issues you need to keep an eye on during the fourth month of pregnancy.
What are the symptoms you experience in the fourth month of Pregnancy?
As you approach the fourth month, many negative effects of those of the initial trimester decrease, but new symptoms and symptoms appear:
- Constipation Progesterone levels are increasing. levels affect digestion and can lead to constipation and bowel movements that are delayed. Drinking plenty of fluids and incorporating a high-fibre diet may ease the discomfort and help ease constipation. Adding olive oil to your salad as well as prunes to your diet may be beneficial. If you’re experiencing normal, easy pregnancy, walking for 30 minutes each day is an effective method to ease constipation.
- Frequent urine: Your expanding uterus puts additional pressure on your bladder. This is why you may experience a regular need to pee. If you notice an increase in fever or discomfort during urinary frequency or abdominal pain, talk to your physician.
- Breathlessness The growing belly could also exert pressure on your lungs, which makes it difficult to breathe correctly. Therefore, it is typical to feel the sensation of having your breath short as well as rapid breathing. If this condition restricts your activities, it is recommended to see a cardiologist.
- Heartburn: Due to the increase in bumps puts additional pressure on the system of digestion. It could push stomach acids upwards, leading to heartburn. Dietary adjustments can ease the pressure on the digestive tract.
- Gums that are bleeding The hormones of pregnancy can soften gums and make them more sensitive. This can cause bruising and bleeding when brushing your teeth. Always consult your dentist.
- Nosebleeds A higher flow of blood in the nose creates more pressure on tiny blood vessels that line the nose. These blood vessels are more prone to rupture and cause a nosebleed.
- Morning sickness Though common during first-trimester nausea and vomiting can be felt in the last weeks of pregnancy, too.
- Vaginal discharge Hormonal changes within the body can cause an increase in vaginal discharge.
Body Changes During Fourth Month Of Pregnancy
The most noticeable changes you can notice are a bigger belly or a noticeable baby bump. There are other physical changes you could observe in the fourth month of pregnancy.
- The skin changes The skin likely to experience some changes as you get pregnant. The increased hormones associated with pregnancy may cause blotchy skin in certain areas. Take care of your skin by using mild cleansers moisturizing lotions, moisturizers, and other products.
- The breast changes Beginning in the 4th month the nipples as well as the areola are likely to get darker. The veins also are more visible as the circulation of blood increases.
- Edema The swelling of the ankles and feet is likely to start developing from during the four-month mark of your pregnancy that could persist until the time you are due. Regular breaks between and staying off of sitting or standing for long periods can reduce swelling. If you experience significant swelling of the hands or face it is recommended to visit your physician.
- Varicose veins The increased blood volume within the body may cause enlargement of the veins that run through the legs, causing varicose veins.
There’s no need to be concerned about these minor changes since they are normal at this point in pregnancy.
How big is your belly in the Fourth Month?
When you reach the 4th month of your pregnancy, your uterus will be about the size of the head of cabbage. The top part of your uterus is located below that belly button.
The Development of the Baby in the fourth month of Pregnancy
While you are experiencing the above-mentioned changes, your growing baby is also undergoing a variety of changes, which are listed below.
|BODY Parts||DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE|
|Face features||Eyes, ears and noses, hair and other facial features get more prominent|
|Ears||Ear bones start to get harder; the outer ears begin to develop|
|Skin||The skin is transparent and has visible veins. fat cells begin to grow underneath the skin|
|Lungs||The cells begin to develop, but they are not fully functional as organs for breathing.|
|Musculoskeletal system||Muscles and bones are growing|
|Hair||Lanugo is a bodysuit that protects the skin’s soft layer.|
|Legs and arms||Can it be flexed?|
What Does a 4th Month-old Baby Look in the Womb?
At the end of the fourth month, your baby’s weight is about the size of an orange. It weighs six ounces. It measures between 6 and 7 inches long.
Baby’s Movements In The Fourth Month
The baby can move around four or more times an hour during this time. It is possible to feel the movements as light sensations that run along the lower part of your abdomen. They are known as quickening movements that are similar to bubbling or fluttering feelings in your abdomen. Women experience these sensations later having their first pregnancy and not as much when they have a second or subsequent pregnancy.
What are the most important things you should know in Your Fourth Month of Pregnancy?
Here are some things to keep in mind as you move into the second trimester.
Dos and Don’ts during the 4th Month of Pregnancy
- Continue to exercise regularly with the physician’s permission. Take regular walks and yoga classes, swimming or any other type of workout you like to help promote an easy and safe delivery.
- You should sleep lying on the left by placing cushions around your back and between your legs to provide ease. This can also help improve blood flow to the developing foetus.
- The nosebleeds nasal congestion, as well as blocked ears, are typical during the fourth month. Keep enough tissues on hand and the medication you require at all times.
- Purchase some pregnancy clothes when your abdominal muscles begin to stretch quickly. The clothes you wear every day could be uncomfortable and tight now.
- Sex is an enjoyable activity, as keeping the intimacy of your partner is vital. But, you should follow your doctor’s recommendations before.
- Make sure you have a regular dental check-up to avoid issues that cause bleeding gums.
Don’ts tos during the 4th month of Pregnancy
- Avoid alcohol because the fetus can develop fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).
- Do not clean cat litter because it can raise the chance of allergic reactions and toxoplasmosis.
- Avoid saunas or hot tubs since the temperatures can be harmful to the growing Fetus.
- Stop smoking because those who smoke are more likely to give birth to low-weight babies who have a higher chance of having disabilities.
Tips to Eat Healthy For The Fourth Month
- Be mindful of what you consume and how much. Include enough vitamins and other supplements in your diet as the baby needs proper nutrition.
- Include iron-rich food items like liver, fish, meat tofu, soybeans seeds and nuts brown rice as well as dark green leafy veggies eggs, and dried fruits. They assist in meeting the growing demand for iron.
- Consume high-fibre foods like barley, oatmeal flaxseeds, flaxseeds, chia seeds Almonds, pistachios broccoli, pecans green peas, raspberry, sweet corn apples, strawberries and bananas. Also, figs, bananas and pears.
- Calcium-rich foods like dairy yoghurt, cheese, watercress, okra broccoli, almonds and broccoli are crucial to the growth of the bone in the fetus.
- Foods that are rich in zinc include beef, lamb wheat germ, lamb as well as mushrooms, spinach squash, pumpkin, and lamb seeds. They aid in the growth and maintenance of the immune system and nervous systems.
- Vitamin C sources include sweet potatoes, bell peppers tomatoes as well as broccoli, cauliflower and leafy greens. cabbage. Vitamin C is a vital ingredient in the absorption of iron.
- Eat foods high in omega fatty acids which include soybeans, vegetable oils walnuts, almonds, walnuts Chia, sardines along with flax seeds.
- Consume at the very least five portions of fruits and vegetables each day.
- Include protein-rich foods, such as legumes, nuts, and seeds as well as chicken, meat as well as soybeans and quinoa and carbohydrates like pasta, bread, rice and potatoes.
- Beware of refined flour (Maida) since it could raise the levels of blood sugar.
- Avoid eating ocean fish like white tuna, king mackerel and swordfish, which contain mercury. Also, include the freshwater species (trout as well as salmon).
- Do not consume soft cheeses (Brie) and blue cheese (camembert) since they can cause food poisoning caused by listeria. Use only hard cheeses like parmesan and cheddar.
- Don’t include eggs that are raw or not cooked properly. Only eat cooked and properly pasteurized eggs.
- Beware of drinking too much coffee or tea since overindulging in caffeine is dangerous.
- Drink plenty of water. Pregnant women should drink at the very least two to three litres of water each day.
- Avoid spicy fritters, and other foods with a lot of sugar and salt.
What can you expect during your visit to the OB/GYN?
It is recommended to visit your doctor often after the fourth month to assess the development and health of the infant. The doctor may suggest the following tests.
- Physical exam: Your weight and blood pressure are assessed. Additionally, areas such as the abdomen, breasts and vagina are assessed.
- Ultrasound test This scan is done to study the development of the baby.
- Heartbeat Doppler ultrasound can be used to monitor the heartbeat of a fetus.
- Screening for Alpha-fetoprotein It is carried out at around 16 weeks of pregnancy to check for the presence of Down’s Syndrome or Spina Bifida. But there are more exact screening tests which can be conducted in the first eight to nine weeks into pregnancy. Always consult your physician.
- The triple Test also known as Bart’s test, the triple test is a screening test for hormones like estriol and hCG that are present in the blood.
- The test for oedema is: The measure of swelling is assessed because abnormal swelling could indicate preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and blood clotting.
Ultrasound In The Fourth Month
The ultrasound scan can determine the gender of the baby since external genitals are likely to have been grown by this point. The scan can also reveal the facial features the infant was developing, such as the forehead, eyes and nose. This could, in turn, identify the most significant physical problems in the infant.
What are the most common concerns during the fourth month of pregnancy?
Certain changes may be worrying for you and your spouse. To be able to understand these changes talk about them with your physician earlier.
- A rise in weight and appetite is not uncommon as well as your preferences and dislikes of food may alter from this point on.
- Heartburn and constipation are frequent, but it is important to consult your physician before taking any treatment for it.
- It is important to be cautious with sexual contact in case you’ve had a history of high-risk pregnancies or mishaps.
Tips for Dads-to-Be
The dad-to-be must perform certain actions to better understand what the mother-to-be is experiencing. Some things he can do are:
- Help with household chores as it could be challenging to balance your home and work.
- Understanding the psychological and physiological changes that occur. Know how the baby grows over time and talk to your physician for any advice.
- Discuss the pregnancy with your partner to make sure that you are on the same page regarding the pregnancy.
- Talk to other dads or dads-to-be about his worries and thoughts and receive useful tips.
It is normal for a baby not to move when he is four months old?
Your baby may move for the first time in the 4th month of your pregnancy. But every pregnancy is different and some women might experience their baby moving just at 20-22 weeks pregnant. Ask your doctor for advice if you haven’t felt your baby move before 24 weeks.
What is my stomach feeling during the 4th month of my pregnancy?
If you do not have twins you shouldn’t feel any particular changes in your stomach during the final month of your pregnancy. However, increasing progesterone levels can impede the digestion process which can cause you to feel uncomfortable and full of. Women may have gastric reflux, stomach cramps, or constipation.
The body goes through a variety of changes when you’re at four months of pregnancy, and it’s also the start to the end of your second trimester. This is a very exciting time for mothers as they might experience a few movements of the fetus. Additionally, the anticipated gender reveal could also occur during this month. However, the rapid development of your child during this time can bring on an array of new discomforts while the negative effects of the first trimester fade off. A healthy lifestyle and adhering to a healthy diet can aid in easing some of these discomforts. Make sure you schedule your appointments at the right time and clear all of your questions during visits to the doctor.