Kratom is a derivative of the plant named Mitragyna speciose. This drug usually comes in the form of powder or tablet form. It is presented in the market as a dietary supplement or sometimes as a scent in the smoke shops. In recent times, it is used to halt young adults of illegal substances such as opium.
When used in low doses, it acts as a CNS stimulant and thus increases the level of energy and reduces fatigue. While, in higher doses, it has effects similar to opioids, like feelings of happiness and dizziness. Long-term use of the drug may lead to dependency to obtain the desired effects.
Kratom’s effect on the brain
Kratom acts on the opioid receptors of the brain which are used to respond to the opioids like morphine, heroin, etc. It is made up of more than 20 alkaloids which are responsible for the pain-relieving characteristics of the drug. When the drug is taken for a long-term, the upregulation process that is the reduction in the efficiency of these alkaloids occurs as the brain is used to create more sites of reception. When the person cut off the use of the drug. These alkaloids will not be there anymore, which causes withdrawal symptoms when combined with the high level of receptor sites. At this moment, the brain removes the unnecessary receptors as compensation.
Withdrawal symptoms of Kratom
Most of the symptoms that occur from kratom cessation are similar to those of opioids, but they are not always of serious nature.
- Physical symptoms
- Muscular pain
- Lack of sleep
- Teary eyes
- Blurred vision
- Loss of appetite
- Dilated pupils
- Psychological symptoms
- Mood swings
Duration of Withdrawal
The duration and intensity of the withdrawal depend upon how long you have been using the drug. Symptoms may appear within 12-24hrs of your last dose and will remain there for 3-10days.
Difficulties of a Kratom Withdrawal
Kratom withdrawal symptoms are usually not life-threatening but may cause several health risks and clinical difficulties, including;
- Aspiration Risks
There is a chance of gastric discomfort with acute withdrawal symptoms
- Relapse Risks
The risk of relapse increased with the discomfort of withdrawal, leading to an overdose.
- Changes in body fluids and electrolytes
Diarrhea along with emesis leads to the loss of fluids and uneven body electrolytes.
The dosage and the potency of the drug are gradually decreased to lessen the severity of withdrawal and cravings, this process is called tapering. The main objective of this method is to train the brain to rebalance its chemistry gradually rather than get shocked after the sudden cessation of the drug.
The process of the removal of toxins from the body is usually termed detox. Detoxification of kratom is not an easy process, but an important initial step towards recovery. The specialists at the Gallus detox find the process of detoxification an essential constituent of the recovery from kratom’s addiction.
Detox begins, when the elimination of the drug starts after quitting the drug. There are 3 primary stages of drug detox, which are;
This phase of detox includes blood careening, mental and physical health evaluation, and the complete patient history to assess the risk factors of the therapy.
In this phase, you will get the required medication according to the intensity of the symptoms to stabilize the condition.
- Treatment Evolution:
Finally, the actual treatment will start, following the detox process.
During the medical detox, the Gallus detox centers provide the complete guidelines for personalized treatment in specially designed in-patient rehab.